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St Kitts replaces passports for security measures
Changes to the definition of a dependent child
June 23, 2014 — Effective August 1, 2014,
The definition of a dependent child is changing for Citizenship and Immigration Canada’s (CIC’s) immigration programs.
The age at which a child will be considered a dependant is being reduced, from under 22 to under 19.
The exception for full-time students is also being removed. Children of applicants who are 19 or over but are financially dependent on their parents and are enrolled in full-time studies will no longer be eligible to be processed as dependent children.
In all cases, a child will continue to be considered a dependant, regardless of age, if they have depended on their parents for financial support because of a mental or physical condition.
Reducing the age for dependants to under 19 in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (IRPR) will bring the IRPR in line with provincial definitions of “age of majority,” which is currently evenly split between 18 and 19 across provinces and territories.
Young adults will be able to apply to come to Canada on their own merits, as foreign students or through various economic programs.
All permanent resident applications in CIC inventories before August 1, 2014 will continue to benefit from the pre-amendment definition of dependent child.
Transitional measures will allow certain applicants under multi-step permanent resident immigration programs who are already in the immigration process at the time these regulations come into force on August 1, 2014, but who have not yet submitted their application for permanent residence, to have their applications completed based on the previous definition of dependent child.
These transitional measures will apply to certain groups, including:
- Provincial Nominee Program applicants;
- Applicants who have applied under one of Quebec’s economic programs;
- Live-in caregivers;
- Refugees abroad and refugee claimants;
- Quebec humanitarian cases;
- Parents or grandparents whose sponsorship applications were received before November 5, 2011; and
- Privately sponsored refugees whose sponsorship applications were received before October 18, 2012.
In addition, as of August 1, 2014, to ensure that children who meet the definition of dependent child at the first stage of a multi-step permanent resident immigration program remain eligible throughout what can be a multi-year process; the child’s age will be “locked in” at the first formal step of the immigration process. For example, the age of a child whose parent applies to the Provincial Nominee Program will be “locked in” on the date that the application for nomination is made to the province.
Federal Skilled Worker Program 2014
New caps for Federal Skilled Worker and Federal Skilled Trades Programs, and Canadian Experience Class
On April 26, 2014, Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) will issue a new set of Ministerial Instructions to immigration officers regarding the processing of applications to the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP), and Canadian Experience Class (CEC).
Effective May 1, 2014, the following measures will be in place:
Federal Skilled Worker Program:
Federal Skilled Workers are chosen as permanent residents based on their ability to prosper in Canada. They are assessed according to a selection grid made up of six factors, including language, education, work experience, etc.
- Overall cap of 25,000 applications in eligible occupations stream
- Cap of 500 applications for PhD eligibility stream
- No limit on applicants who have a valid job offer from a Canadian employer
- Sub-caps of 1,000 applications for each of the 50 eligible occupations below (their 2011 National Occupational Classification (NOC) code is included in brackets):
- Senior managers – financial, communications and other business services (0013)
- Senior managers – trade, broadcasting and other services, n.e.c. (0015)
- Financial managers (0111)
- Human resources managers (0112)
- Purchasing managers (0113)
- Insurance, real estate and financial brokerage managers (0121)
- Managers in health care (0311)
- Construction managers (0711)
- Home building and renovation managers (0712)
- Managers in natural resources production and fishing (0811)
- Manufacturing managers (0911)
- Financial auditors and accountants (1111)
- Financial and investment analysts (1112)
- Securities agents, investment dealers and brokers (1113)
- Other financial officers (1114)
- Professional occupations in advertising, marketing and public relations (1123)
- Supervisors, finance and insurance office workers (1212)
- Property administrators (1224)
- Geoscientists and oceanographers (2113)
- Civil engineers (2131)
- Mechanical engineers (2132)
- Electrical and electronics engineers (2133)
- Petroleum engineers (2145)
- Information systems analysts and consultants (2171)
- Database analysts and data administrators (2172)
- Software engineers and designers (2173)
- Computer programmers and interactive media developers (2174)
- Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians (2232)
- Construction estimators (2234)
- Electrical and electronics engineering technologists and technicians (2241)
- Industrial instrument technicians and mechanics (2243)
- Inspectors in public and environmental health and occupational health and safety (2263)
- Computer network technicians (2281)
- Nursing co-ordinators and supervisors (3011)
- Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses (3012)
- Specialist physicians (3111)
- General practitioners and family physicians (3112)
- Dietitians and nutritionists (3132)
- Audiologists and speech-language pathologists (3141)
- Physiotherapists (3142)
- Occupational therapists (3143)
- Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists (3214)
- Medical radiation technologists (3215)
- Medical sonographers (3216)
- Licensed practical nurses (3233)
- Paramedical occupations (3234)
- University professors and lecturers (4011)
- Psychologists (4151)
- Early childhood educators and assistants (4214)
- Translators, terminologists and interpreters (5125)
Federal Skilled Trades Program:
This program is for people who want to become permanent residents based on being qualified in a skilled trade.
- Overall cap of 5,000 applications
- All 90 skilled trades from the following NOC Skill Level B groups are eligible (with sub-caps of 100 applications each):
- Major Group 72: Industrial, electrical and construction trades;
- Major Group 73: Maintenance and equipment operation trades;
- Major Group 82: Supervisors and technical occupations in national resources, agriculture and related production;
- Major Group 92: Processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators;
- Minor Group 632: chefs and cooks;
- Minor Group 633: butchers and bakers.
Canadian Experience Class:
This program is for people who already have skilled work experience in Canada and want to immigrate permanently.
- Overall cap of 8,000 applications
- Sub-caps of 200 applications each for any NOC B occupation
- Six ineligible occupations: administrative officers (NOC code 1221), administrative assistants (1241), accounting technicians/bookkeepers (1311), cooks (6322), food service supervisors (6311), and retail sales supervisors (6211).
The new Ministerial Instructions will also re-confirm the existing pause of applications to the federal Immigrant Investor and Entrepreneur Programs.
Strengthening and Modernizing the Citizenship Act
Toronto, February 6, 2014—Today, Canada’s Citizenship and Immigration Minister Chris Alexander unveiled the first comprehensive reforms to the Citizenship Act since 1977. Bill C-24, the Strengthening Canadian Citizenship Act, will protect the value of Canadian citizenship for those who have it while creating a faster and more efficient process for those applying to get it.
The government will also ensure citizenship applicants maintain strong ties to Canada. This act will provide a clearer indication that the “residence” period to qualify for citizenship in fact requires a physical presence in Canada. More applicants will now be required to meet language requirements and pass a knowledge test, to ensure that new citizens are better prepared to fully participate in Canadian society. New provisions will also help individuals with strong ties to Canada, such as by automatically extending citizenship to additional “Lost Canadians” who were born before 1947, as well as to their children born in the first generation outside Canada.
- Canada is successful in turning immigrants into citizens: more than 85 percent of eligible permanent residents in Canada go on to become citizens.
- As a result of these amendments, applicants will need to be physically present in Canada for a total of four out of their last six years. In addition, they would need to be physically present in Canada for 183 days per year for at least four of those six years.
- The current citizenship fee does not reflect the actual processing cost. Changes will ensure applicants are responsible for more of the actual processing cost.
Canadian Experience Class – Program Changes and Intake Caps
Since its creation in 2008, the CEC has welcomed over 25,000 new permanent residents. These individuals already posses Canadian experience, and therefore can continue to directly contribute to the country’s economy after receiving Canadian Permanent Residency. In order to be eligible for the program, applicants must meet the following basic eligibility requirements:
-Have at least 12 months of full-time skilled work experience (or an equal amount in part-time)* in the past three years before applying; -Plan to live outside of the Province of Quebec; Have gained the Canadian work experience legally;and Meet minimum language requirements
The structure of this program makes it ideal for international graduates of Canadian institutions who remain in Canada on post-graduation work permits, as well as temporary foreign workers in general.
*Some restrictions have been placed on this eligibility criterion. Details follow:
Caps and Occupation Restrictions The overall intake cap of 12,000 applications came into effect last Saturday, November 9,2013.
All applications that are received on or after that date will be subject to this cap, as well as the other changes outlined in this article. Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) noticed that a disproportionate number of CEC applications fell into a very limited number of occupations.
In an effort to maintain a more equal representation of occupations, the following 6 are no longer eligible for the CEC:
Food Service Supervisors
Administrative Officers Administrative Assistants
Accounting Technicians and Bookkeepers
Retail Sales Supervisors
Applicants with experience in one of the above occupations, who submitted to the CEC prior to November 9, 2013, will still be processed. To further ensure an even distribution of occupations, no more than 200 applications will be accepted from any occupations designated as ‘B’ level in Canada’s National Occupation Classification (NOC) index. B level jobs are generally technical, administrative, or skilled trades. NOC levels ‘A’ and ‘0’, which are managerial and professional in nature, are not subject to the individual 200 cap, although they are subject to the overall cap of 12,000. Procedural Change To increase fairness and efficiency, applications to the CEC will have their proof of language proficiency assessed upon receipt of their file. This means that if an application does not meet language requirements, it will be immediately returned to the sender with a refund in processing fees.
This will help government officers quickly return files that are not eligible, therefore giving applicants ample time to consider other options for permanent residency. What this Means for Applicants The CEC remains a highly popular program due to its straightforward application procedures and fast processing times.
These changes have been made to make sure that the program keeps its reputation as an ideal option for temporary foreign workers from a variety of backgrounds.